2013002, Low-rise housing
Hengelose Es, Hengelo

This design is directly based on the low-rise housing in the Hengelose Es housing estate in Hengelo. They are part of a Van den Broek & Bakema plan that was both an urban design as well as an architectonic design plan. The plan consists of: low-rise housing (two variants), garage blocks, and two kinds of flats with split-level appartments. There are three high-rise flats, and the other ones are low-rise flats, of which one has been demolished. The architect was Jan Stokla, the housing designer at Van den Broek & Bakema. He also designed Klein Driene and several other projects.

The plan was built in the late 1960's with a for that time new, experimental construction method: in-situ concrete with panel formwork. The structure of the houses is a early version of that system, because the technique wasn't used in very consequent way, because some parts of the structure where still carried out using traditional techniques.

The dwellings comprise out of two types, a small variant (single-span), and a larger variant (two spans). Both types have an internal storage room and also have a timber joist ground floor. The first floor is concrete and the flat roof is also a timber joist structure. The concrete load bearing walls are not reinforced. The front and rear walls are masonry cavity walls. The foundation is an unreinforced concrete system of trapezoid beams directly supported by the soil. (Looks like a masonry foundation, but carried out in concrete).

The dwellings have got many technical issues (caused by poor detailing, poor maintenance, poor workmanship). Also, the wall cavities and roofs where retrofitted with insulation, and this amplifies the effects of the thermal bridging in the walls. The materials and details where bad even for 1960's standards. However, the rent prices where low. They started a large scale redevelopment plan for the estate in the 90's, consisting of lot's of demolition and new replacement housing. Most of the low-rise housing has been demolished, only a few blocks remain.

The flats where mildly renovated in the 90's by adding extra elevators. Unfortunately, the many changes in the estate have seriously impacted the condition of the plan, it is not exactly in original, mint condition any more, unlike Het Hool in Eindohoven. The Klein Driene estate is in a much better condition, although there have been modernisations there also.

In the 1970's and 80's there where already plans to improve the estate. The residents wanted to have an attic on their house, the housing corporation thought it was a worthwhile idea, but Van den Broek & Bakema opposed it and did not want to participate in it. Also the plan was too expansive (Source: bouwen en wonen, 75 jaar Hengelose bouwvereniging Ons Belang, 1994). Van den Broek & Bakema had very dogmatic ideas about modernism and rejected any form of pitched roof. To them, they where a form of traditionalism. Nowadays, there are many modern examples of pitched roofs that don't look traditional at all. But in the 1970's they lost touch with the times.

overview of the estate

frontside view

rearside view


wall formwork

structural frame

interiour #1

interiour #2

interiour #3

interiour #4

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